Recently, the first private â€œunmanned factoryâ€ in Dongguan, Guangdong Province began to be put into construction, which marked the new stage of the â€œmachine substitutionâ€ strategy. The reporter learned that the current employment gap in Dongguan has reached more than 100,000 people. The construction of "unmanned factories" will ease the phenomenon of labor shortage, and will also have a positive impact on China's robot industry.
"Unmanned factory" compression labor up to 90%
Dongguan Songshan Lake Changying Precision Technology Co., Ltd. is a high-tech enterprise that produces and sells mobile phone series connectors, shields and ultra-precision hardware terminals and molds.
Recently, the reporter saw at the scene of the first â€œunmanned factoryâ€ branch project that it opened, and one robot was being installed and commissioned. It is understood that the first phase of the "unmanned factory" construction system that the company is advancing plans to invest 1000 unmanned robots. In the early stage, 100 robots took the lead in "job".
Ren Xiangsheng, the company's executive deputy general manager, introduced that the product processing of manual CNC machine tools was often prone to safety problems and the stability of product quality was relatively poor.
"In the context of the implementation of the 'machine substitution' strategy throughout Dongguan, we are determined to set up an intelligent unmanned factory, replace the labor with a hardware manipulator, and then establish a highly intelligent software control system for remote network control. The increase in the efficiency of the factory and the quality of the products," said Ren Xiangsheng.
â€œThe 'unmanned factory' does not mean that there is no one at all, but it will compress the number of labor on a large scale, even reaching 90%.â€ Chen Qixing, chairman of the company, said that after the â€œsmart factoryâ€ is completed, some software systems are still needed. The number of managers in the middle and back office is expected to be no more than 200. If the current level of manual operation is used for calculation, more than 2,000 staff members are required.
In fact, since the Pearl River Delta Dongguan, Foshan and other cities have successively released the â€œmachine substitutionâ€ strategic plan, the atmosphere of the transformation of industrial manufacturing enterprises into industrial robot intelligent equipment has become increasingly strong under the incentive of special funds.
Taking Dongguan as an example, the municipal government has set up a special fund for â€œmachine substitutionâ€ in Dongguan. Since 2014, it has invested 200 million yuan each year for a total of 600 million yuan for three consecutive years to support enterprises to implement â€œmachine substitutionâ€. 15% of the total equipment.
According to the person in charge of the Dongguan Municipal Bureau of Economics and Information Technology, Dongguan has promoted 505 applications of â€œmachine substitutionâ€ for traditional industries and advantageous industries. The investment amount is 4.2 billion yuan, which can reduce the employment of more than 30,000 people. The investment cost of enterprises is expected to be high. Recovered within two years.
Can you alleviate the shortage of labor?
In fact, the current increase in labor costs has determined the need for the implementation of the â€œmachine substitutionâ€ strategy in Dongguan and other places.
With the rapid increase in labor costs in the Pearl River Delta, companies generally feel that there is a lot of pressure. The director of the Taiwan-funded enterprise association in Dongguan believes that although the initial industrial robots and other infrastructure investment is large, the companies with strong growth are expected to be The cost is recovered during the year, â€œit is more cost-effective than the uncertainty of increasing labor costs by more than 20% per yearâ€.
At the same time, "machine substitution" has raised doubts about whether it will increase factory layoffs and employee unemployment.
The reporter's field investigation found that taking Dongguan as an example, the phenomenon of â€œlabor shortageâ€ and â€œdifficulties in recruiting workersâ€ is very common, showing the current situation of insufficient labor force rather than surplus labor.
In Houjie Town, Dongguan, the reporter saw that the recruitment advertisements of enterprises can be seen everywhere. Enterprises generally reflect that it is more difficult to recruit people than in previous years.
"The situation of the reduction of employment does exist. The number of people applying for this year is about 20% less than last year." At a site in Houjie Town, the recruitment of the booth, Li Yingshang, manager of the human resources department of Dongguan Oasis Footwear, told reporters.
Hou Zhuo, secretary of the Houjie Town Committee, told reporters that the current employment gap in Houjie Town has reached 14,000; according to the data of the Guangdong Provincial Department of Human Resources and Social Security, the current employment gap in Dongguan is as high as 100,000. From this point of view, Dongguan's implementation of the machine substitution strategy has replaced more than 30,000 people so far is still far from making up for the gap in employment.
"In the process of implementing the machine substitution strategy, we will not lay off employees, but will increase the number of employed people as the factory scale expands." Ren Xiangsheng told reporters.
Stimulate the development of domestic robot industry
"The machine is replaced by people. I want to raise my hands and agree." Shi Jinbo, general manager of Liqun Automation Technology Co., Ltd. said, "For some enterprises, the investment in machinery and equipment of hundreds of millions of yuan has made the enterprise 'pressure mountain', the government's machine change People's subsidy funds have a positive effect of policy guidance, while the 15% maximum subsidy ratio also reduces the anxiety of enterprises in their investment and reduces their burden."
Many industry insiders believe that, in the Pearl River Delta manufacturing enterprise transformation "Chinese wisdom made" critical period, the implementation of local government "machine substitution" strategy to enable enterprises to "dose of reassurance," has an important guiding significance.
While the market demand has increased substantially, industry insiders predict that the domestic robot industry will also usher in a golden period of rapid growth.
International Federation of Robotics (IFR) statistics show that in the industrial robot market in China last year, Swiss companies such as ABB in Switzerland , Kuka in Germany , Yaskawa and Fanuc in Japan accounted for more than 70% of the market.
Dr. Huang Yanghua, assistant researcher of the Industrial Development Research Office of the Institute of Industrial Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, believes that with the implementation of the strategy of â€œmachine substitutionâ€, Chinaâ€™s robot market will rapidly develop to the trillion level, and â€œcakes will become biggerâ€ Will stimulate more market players to enter this industry.
"With the increasing labor shortage in some areas, the demand for robots will gradually increase, which will force robot scientific research technology to achieve more breakthroughs and more localization." Li Yuewei, marketing director of Shenzhen Zhongweixing Technology Co., Ltd. said.
In March 2015, the Guangdong Provincial Government issued the â€œThree-Year Action Plan for the Industrial Transformation and Upgrading in Guangdong Province (2015-2017)â€ (hereinafter referred to as the â€œPlanâ€), which indicates that Guangdong has ushered in a comprehensive promotion of the â€œmachine substitutionâ€ strategy. stage.
According to the "plan", by the end of 2017, we will strive to introduce 20,000 industrial enterprises in Guangdong Province over the past three years, and more than 50% of industrial enterprises above designated size will complete a new round of technological transformation; in the three years, they will complete an investment of 943 billion yuan in industrial technology transformation. By the end of 2017, 10 smart manufacturing industry bases with great influence in the country were initially built, and two domestic leading robot manufacturing industry bases were built, and 1950 industrial enterprises above designated size were promoted to â€œmachine substitutionâ€.
"With the substitution of machines, China's robot industry will develop rapidly, and the era of 'China's wisdom' is coming." Hu Wen, chief financial officer of Liqun Automation Technology Co., Ltd. believes.
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